Anxiety is felt differently depending on the individual. The symptoms may differ from person to person. We react differently when we are anxious.
Our body might become highly alert when it recognizes the possible danger, which may lead to an increase in fear, worry, and an increase in blood pressure.
Common symptoms of anxiety are:
- Feelings of panic and fear of danger.
- Shortness of breath
- Difficulty in concentrating.
- Sleep problems or insomnia.
- Easily irritated.
- Tightness and pain in the chest.
- Not being able to stay calm and still.
- Derealization (A feeling of detachment from reality.)
- Sweaty or tingling sensation in the palms or feet.
- Digestive or Gastrointestinal problems.
- Hyperventilation (Increase in breathing rate).
- An increase in heart rate.
- Dizziness and nausea.
- Muscles get tensed.
All of us get anxious a little every time but prolonged symptoms of anxiety should not be left untreated. If the symptoms appear often for some months, you should visit a therapist or a professional for help.
Types of Anxiety.
Generalized anxiety disorder. People who suffer from generalized anxiety disorder feel fear and worry even over the little ordinary events or situations. They give unrealistic worry over trivial things.
- Agoraphobia: A person who suffers from agoraphobia feels trapped in an environment or a situation. For example, when they are at a public place, using the public transport, etc. They feel helpless and embarrassed in a situation they are in and they try to avoid those areas or places.
- Panic disorder: Certain things can trigger panic attacks if you suffer from panic disorder. During the attack, they feel various symptoms associated with anxiety such as:
- An increase in heart rate
- Chest pain
- Tensed muscles
- Trembling body
- A feeling of choking.
- Social anxiety disorder or social phobia: You feel anxious and self-conscious when you are at a social gathering and in everyday social or public situations. You fear being judged by people around you and worry about getting negative remarks which will embarrass or humiliate you. Stage fright and the fear of being rejected are some examples.
- Separation anxiety disorder: Symptoms of panic attacks appears when you are separated from a place that gives you security or when you leave a loved one. This type of anxiety is also marked with kids who have to leave their parents and make their way to school.
- Selective mutism: It is a social anxiety that is seen most commonly among children who do not speak in public but speak or interact only at home or with selected people. These can pose a negative impact on the performance of a child at school or in society.
- Medication-induced anxiety disorder: This type of anxiety occurs with the use, or stopping the use of medications and drugs.
- Specific phobias: Almost everyone has something ordinary they fear. This includes the fear of flying, heights, etc. Sometimes the fear gets intense and you try to avoid such situations.
Causes of anxiety:
The cause of anxiety is unclear and the doctors do not understand the cause of anxiety. But here are some factors the believed to be the cause of anxiety:
- Family and relationship issues can also negatively affect a person mentally. The environment of the community and the people surrounding a person is also a factor that leads to anxiety.
- Genetics. Some people are more anxious than others and it can be due to differences in genetics. If a person has anxiety in a family it is more likely that one of the members has an anxiety disorder.
- If you are worried constantly about the condition of your health as well as the well-being of a loved one, it is likely that you will get more anxious. Having a mental illness also adds up to the risk of getting more anxious.
- Childhood sexual, physical, mental, and emotional abuse is linked to anxiety later in life. A person who has gone through several traumatic events in life will get panic attacks.
- The use of illegal drugs and alcohol also causes anxiety disorder.
- If you have low self-esteem, it is likely that you will feel self-conscious.
- Certain humiliating or embarrassing life-events are also the cause of anxiety for many people. When faced with the same situation fears kicks in and they try to avoid the situation.